Saturday, May 23, 2020

Martin Luther King Memorial Essay - 1993 Words

The Martin Luther King Jr. Memorial is the newest memorial to be built in Washington D.C. The memorial was finished with construction in the summer of 2011. This memorial celebrates the life of one of the most influential leaders of the Civil Rights era, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. This is a reminder of Dr. Kings’ powerful impact on the country and even the world. It was only right that a memorial was built in Washington D.C. to honor the life of this powerful man. Dr. Kings’ memorial is located on 1964 Independence Avenue. The street number represents the Civil Rights Act of 1964 that Martin Luther King had a huge role in. The vision in adding the Martin Luther King’s memorial was to have a â€Å"line of leadership† which is the combination†¦show more content†¦The author tells the reader that this speech is taught in school and is in every history book. The author assumes that everyone knows about this speech. The author also assumes that every one would be able to identify the speech with just a few lines of it. Because this speech is well known, they found no need to include it in the memorial because everyone should know the words. Once again the author reaches the audiences’ pathos because they talk about how this memorial will make a person feel and this can change the feeling of the reader because the reader will now expect to feel what the author is describing. They trust that what the author says will be how they will feel when visiting this memorial. The author also reaches the readers logos because they are trying to persuade the reader that because Martin Luther King was so influential, there is so much about him we can learn, just from walking through the memorial site. Hundreds Celebrate First Anniversary of Martin Luther King Memorial text says, â€Å"We are so pleased that millions of people have come to visit this memorial,† said Johnson, who calls Houston, Texas home. â€Å"I think it’s evident that when you come here you see people of all hues, races, creeds and colors. We’re excited about it.† The author is quoting a man who feels this memorial is bringing together people from all walks of life.Show MoreRelatedMartin Luther King Memorial in Yerba Buena Gardens1146 Words   |  5 PagesBuena Gardens, except in one particular location. In one corner of the gardens stands a Martin Luther King Jr. memorial. The memorial is breathtakingly beautiful with a fifty foot high and twenty foot wide waterfall that falls over Sierra granite. In the Memorial’s hallway, visitors read quotes from Dr. King himself that are engraved on glass panels and set in granite. The physical beauty of the memorial is undeniabl e, however many people are not aware of the symbolism lying beneath the memorial’sRead MoreMartin Luther King Jr.1078 Words   |  5 PagesMartin Luther King, Jr., was a very strong person, constantly fighting for what he believed in, which was equality for African Americans. He was not scared to stand up and tell the world what he wanted for society. He was fearless and did everything in his power to prove a point. Martin Luther King, Jr., was the strongest individual of his time, for he fought until death, which proves how much he was willing to risk his life to make the world an equal place. Growing up, he had a very interestingRead MoreMartin Luther Kings I Have A Dream Speech1538 Words   |  7 Pages Martin Luther King Jr.’s legacy is one that is hard to forget due to the impact he had on thousands of African-American individuals and American society as a whole. Martin Luther King Jr. was a pastor of the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, however, King is best known for his contributions to the civil rights movement as an activist. One of his most renown works would be his â€Å"I Have A Dream† speech. During a dark period in America, people of colour were still being oppressed and held at a lowerRead MoreMartin Luther King Jr.2344 Words   |  10 PagesMartin Luther King Jr. â€Å"I Have a Dream Speech† Martin Luther King, Jr: the name that will forever be known through out the generations. The man who changed history for the better. The man who led a march to demolish segregation, and changed thousands of African American lives. The man who gave a speech that was forever going to be remembered by thousands of people around the world. He was appreciated greatly that in honor for him and what he has done they created a holiday, which is known as MartinRead MoreI Have A Dream Speech Written And Spoken By Martin Luther King Jr.1208 Words   |  5 Pagesspoken by Martin Luther King Jr. so what made this speech have the impact that it did? When the speech was spoken on August 28,1963 it was a start of a change. The March on Washington for jobs and freedom was an initial step in the Civil Rights Movement. On the momentous steps of the lincoln memorial, in the shadow of the person that signed the Emancipation Proclamation words that Martin Luther King Jr said himself, in front of thous ands of people present on that unforgettable day (King). The writerRead MoreMartin Luther King Jr. s Speech914 Words   |  4 PagesAt the time of Martin Luther King Jr.’s speech, there was a very â€Å"heavy† racism issue in the United States. African-Americans saw themselves being victimized by a corrupted system. Martin Luther King Jr. was one of many civil rights activists that came out during that period, in the middle of the 20th century. â€Å"I have a Dream† speech symbolized the chaos in 1963; Martin Luther King Jr. used it to give hope to the hundreds of thousands of African-Americans who marched for freedom, and also to createRead MoreCivil Rights Movement Essay797 Words   |  4 PagesUnited States. It all started with Mahatma Gandhi, leader of the Indian independence movement against British rule, who inspired Martin Luther King Jr. due to the similar struggles and values they both shared. Following the knowledges of Gandhi, Martin Luther King Jr. was a leader of the Civil Rights Movement who acted by non-violent protest for equality. Martin Luther King Jr. thought that this act was the most effective against a prejudiced and unfair society. One of them was, â€Å"The Montgomery BusRead MoreI Have A Dream Speech By Martin Luther King Jr. Essay1115 Words   |  5 PagesActivist and leader in the Africa American Civil Rights Movement, Martin Luther King Jr, speaks at the Lincoln Memorial to more than 200,000 people where he gives his famous â€Å"I have a Dream† speech, where he calls for the need of equal rights between blacks and whites. King’s purpose is to convince the American people that segregation is wrong and should be changed for future generations, encourage all African Americans into fighting until the end, and that segregation is wrong. He effectivelyRead MorePolitical Cartoons By Dave Granlund1064 Words   |  5 PagesDave started drawing cartoons since he was sixteen for his school’s newspaper. The cartoon that I chose demonstrates how Martin’s work was left unfinished and it is still unfinished to this day. The reasoning behind that in particular is because Dr. King had a dream that every person in the US would be treated equally and not cast out from society because of their skin color or race. But instead, in today s world,everything happening is the complete opposite from what he dreamt of. People are notRead MoreMartin Luther King Jr.881 Words   |  4 PagesMartin Luther King Jr. â€Å" If you can’t fly, then run, if you can’t run, then walk, if you can’t walk, then crawl, but whatever you do, you have to keep moving forward.† (King). Martin Luther King Jr. is a name many know. He was born on January 15, 1929 in Atlanta, Georgia. He grew up in a very religious family, with his father being a pastor, and all. He was galvanized by his father and became a Baptist minister and social minister after he attended Boston University at the age of 15. He, later

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Working The Angles The Shape Of Pastoral Integrity

In today s culture the congregational expectations on a pastor are quite different from the vocational spiritual disciplines required for faithful pastoral ministry. The office of the pastor, for the congregation, has become nothing more than a managerial position of running a religious organization. In response to this Eugene Peterson offers his take on the distinctive work of the pastor and the practices that shape pastoral integrity. In his book, Working the Angles: The Shape of Pastoral Integrity, Peterson outlines the practices of prayer, Scripture and spiritual direction as the backbone of faithful pastoral ministry. The following will discuss these practice, there benefit to pastoral ministry and why Peterson call to these practice are important to pastors today. Peterson opens Working the Angles with three chapters on prayer. He critiques contemporary Seminary culture for training pastors to focus on the ministry of the Word and Sacrament. However, Peterson contests, â€Å"F or the majority of the Christian centuries most pastors have been convinced that prayer is the central and essential act for maintaining the essential shape of the ministry to which they were ordained.†1 For Peterson prayer is never the first word, but it is response to what God has already done and is doing. Therefore, the pastoral task is to restore prayer to this position of response through practice of praying the Psalms and other Scripture. It is vitally important that pastors make space forShow MoreRelatedMetz Film Language a Semiotics of the Cinema PDF100902 Words   |  316 Pagessignifier (or expression) and the significate (or content) of the linguistic unit, but the second articulation can affect only the signifier of its corresponding unit. Monemes may be lexical or grammatical. The sentence We are working contains four monemes; the word working is constituted of the lexical moneme (or semanteme, or, as Mar* De Saussure s translator used the terms signifier/signified. The translator of Andrà © Martinet s Elements de linguistique gà ©nà ©rale prefers significans/significatumRead MoreProject Managment Case Studies214937 Words   |  860 PagesManager s Day (B) (see handout provided by instructor) An International Project Manager s Day (C) (see handout provided by instructor) An International Project Manager s Day (D) (see handout provided by instructor) Ellen Moore (A): Living and Working in Korea 177 Ji nan Broadcasting Corporation 196 4 PROJECT MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES 205 Quasar Communications, Inc. 207 Jones and Shephard Accountants, Inc. 212 Fargo Foods 216 Government Project Management 220 Falls EngineeringRead MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 Pagesat Ethics 22 Summary 23 Demonstrating Comprehension: Questions for Review 24 Key Terms 24 HRM Workshop 25 Linking Concepts to Practice: Discussion Questions 25 Developing Diagnostic and Analytical Skills 25 Case 1: Work/Life Balance at Baxter 25 Working with a Team: Understanding Diversity Issues 25 Learning an HRM Skill: Guidelines for Acting Ethically 26 Enhancing Your Communication Skills 26 ETHICAL ISSUES IN HRM: Invasion of Privacy? 9 WORKPLACE ISSUES: We Are Now Entering the Blogosphere

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Policing Functions Paper Free Essays

Individual Policing Functions Paper The police departments have come a long way from the way they were many years ago. The police have changed for the better but there is still room for improvement. In policing today there are a lot more officers, detectives, and other law enforcement officials accounted for then there was in the past years. We will write a custom essay sample on Policing Functions Paper or any similar topic only for you Order Now When we have all of these people in the criminal system, it has made the government to be able to provide better protection for the people in the communities. Policing in the past and in the present there are many different outlooks of how the policing functions.. These functions stem from different levels of law enforcement which includes the local, state, and federal organizational levels. These are very important parts of the criminal justice system, because every individual within these levels must be sure to protect citizens, enforce law, and perform the duties that are required of them in order to keep the United States safe from criminals and terrorist attacks from other foreign countries that might try to attack the United States. As years have passed on within policing, there are many possible future changes that will have an effect in the field of policing. Within each level of policing there are many different roles in which every individual in the policing field must take part in if they are going to be on the law enforcement team. I say this because this is a very serious 24/7 operation and the duties are never ending for each of the levels. The local law enforcement agencies were put in place to do routine patrol within the communities that are within their jurisdiction. Local police officers are also able to assist with emergency services, upholding traffic enforcement, and conduct criminal investigations. These local police officers overall role is to ensure that all citizens are safe within their communities. To ensure residents in their community, officers will ensure that they are safe by communication. Back in time officers were not to friendly with the residents they came in contact with, but that has also changed because law enforcement need residential help. Officers that work within the state level also have different functions that they must fulfill while working under the state level. State police will sometimes work with the local police officers, if need be. The state officer’s main function within the criminal justice system is ensuring that the main state highways and any rural areas within the particular state are safe. State officers are also in charge of inspecting suspicious vehicles. Under the federal government there are different agencies that have different functions. There are three popular organizations that are within the federal government in which they are Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI), The United States Marshal Service, and the United States Border Patrol, in which all three organizations have different functions that must be completed correctly. The functions of the FBI are responsible for major criminal investigation such as major drug organization, and any other high profile crimes. The United States Marshal Service function is to apprehend suspects that may be on the run because of their high profile case. The Us Marshal must also transport criminals/prisoners from state to state if needed. In addition the United States Border Patrol function is to ensure that even individual that enters or exist the United States have the proper documents in order to re-gain entrance into the United States. The Border Patrol also will have the right to check for any illegal good or drugs that individuals might try to smuggle into the United States. All there organizations work hand in hand in order to protect the citizens of the county and the county as a whole. All three level of the criminal justice system have many different functions within each level organizations, but they all serve for the same purpose in which is to protect citizens from illegal acts, and to ensure that the United States is free from different attacks. The levels of the criminal justice system have faced many changes in the past and still more changes to come for the near future. Since the attacks on the United States occurred on September 11, 2001 it damaged the United States in the worse way. There were changes that occurred after this attack, in which affect every level in the criminal justice system. At first the levels of the criminal system were out looking for individuals that commit misdemeanors and felonies, now the main function and role of the local, state, and federal levels is to ensure that the United States is protected from terrorism. In the near future there will be more effective technology, such as upgraded computer system, radar system, and different technology features that can help pinpoint and suspect. Lastly, all three levels in the near future may become one whole. I say this because in the near future every helping hand and every set of eyes is what the government is going to need. Reasons behind this are; as the world continues to change the crimes in the near future may be worse in what it has been in the past, and how it is at this current moment. These changes may have affected each level of law enforcement but the positive outcome of the change for all levels is that all local, state, and federal agencies now have the ability to share and use information with each other. This is a great choice because all levels will always be on the same page, and will all be alerted if something arises in the United States. All missions, functions, and roles within all levels still remain the same. The local, state, and federal level must learn how to maintain the crime level at the same time while protecting the country from for highly dangerous terrorist attacks. Thus the criminal justice system and the levels local, state, and federal level are always going to face different situations and will always encounter changes within the system. At all time the local, state, and federal level must still maintain all functions that are required from them. As stated in this paper it has examined the various perspectives of the policing function from the local, state, and federal organizational level. In this paper it has addressed the possible future changes in laws and the overall impact that these levels must face in the field of policing. How to cite Policing Functions Paper, Essay examples

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Professor Notes- Counselling for Hybrid Model of Crisis Intervention

Question: Discuss about theCounsellingfor Hybrid Model of Crisis Intervention. Answer: Introduction A crisis has been described as a discriminating disturbance of the emotional homeostasis in which the customary coping system of an individual fall short and there has been a proof of pain and useful destruction. The prejudiced response to distressing experiences of life that the cooperation of the constancy of an individual and capacity to deal with or utility (Putzel John, 2012). It could also be described as a circumstance in which the person perceives a sudden loss of his or her capability to make use of the efficient problem solving and coping abilities. Crisis interference, on the other hand has been defined as the process which was utilized in order to propose instantaneous, short-term assistance to the people who experience an event (Grace College, 2016). So, in order to observe that a crisis has taken place then a person should establish that the event was: Unanticipated; Creates doubt; Observed as a danger to achieve the set goals. The crisis could impact upon the functioning of an individual in different manners as the crisis intervention could be assessed by determining: Severity of the Crisis: It could be done by assessing the time spent by an individual in crisis as it would determine from the subjective view of the customer that the functioning was in cognition, affect or psychomotor. Customers present emotional state emotional mobility or immobility; Alternative, coping mechanisms, support systems and other resources; Customers level of lethality. Also, there has been an ABC state of crisis which stands for: Affective State which describes how was the client response and they try to change their feelings at such time of crisis which includes: The client may be angry at the time of crisis and panic; The customer may be in a nervous shock or in a state of nervousness so he should be treated well; He may become sad and be emotional due to the mis-happening which was taking place; And at last the clients may be frustrated by such crisis so they must be handled in a calm and composed manner and should not be busted out. Because they have to be calm and composed and should cooperate with other individuals as there may be some problems or scarcities. Behavioral functioning which facilitate positive actions which have to be taken and the work which they carry out such as: The clients should not think about the crisis which took place and should move toward and lead their life as they were living because it would harm the lives of their people; They should avoid thinking about such disaster which took place then only they would be in a position to lead a new life; They must carry out their work with peacefulness in a calm and composed way. Cognitive State which describes how the clients were thinking and what were was the thinking pattern of the client such as: They should not think about the corporal harm they got rather should think that they survived such a mis hap; They must be psychologically strong and should handle other people; They should be happy and lead their Social Relationships in a new and innovative way. For crisis intervention there has been a hybrid model. It was said to be utilized for some of the crisis interventions as a manner which ensure that some of the themes were able to be concentrated on at the time of assisting the individuals on the occasion of crisis. This model was premeditated to improve the linear approach which was followed previously in order to assist in the intrusion of the disaster. The hybrid model looks at crises in a more sensible style and permits the people or Crises Intervention Team (CIT) to move from chaos-decreasing tasks by permitting more beneficial novelty and ensuing in augmented chances toward declaration (Tuen, 2016). The model includes tasks that could be carried out in arithmetical sequence from Task 1 to Task 7, or they could be finished as the crisis order. The first task in the hybrid model was the tendency, appealing, or starting a contact. Initiating any relationship with the individual who was in crisis was serious to construct an affiliation of announcement (Roberts, 2016). The second task was discovery of the problem. This task opens an argument of how the customer was feeling and could assist to define the crisis from their point of view. The third task grants emotional, social and informational sustenance. It was tremendously significant for an individual who was going through a crisis and have someone appreciate what they were feeling. The fourth task was probing options. Prescription and other action resources which may grant some of these alternatives. The fifth task was scheduling in order to rule some power over disorganized circumstances. The sixth task was attaining an obligation from the customer to persist to move forward and accept support when it was desirable. The last task would be following up with the clients. This was an ideal manner to keep the lines of communication open and could almost guarantee that any upcoming difficulties could be addressed before they become major crises. As such crisis happens with it a lot of problems have been observed to their such as: As a result of such incidents and crisis there has been a possibility and observance that people may develop Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) by following such incidents which intimidate or appear to intimidate the protection of an individual (Psychology, 2016). PTSD has been connected and affiliated by most of the individuals with rape and the soldiers who fight battles and services of the battle has been regarded as the most common cause which was observed in men but any happening (or sequence of happening) that overpower an individual with approaches of desperation and exposure which could cause PTSD, particularly if the incident which took place was felt erratic and irrepressible (UN Women, 2012). At the same time there has been a similar therapy as PTSD which would help individuals to get out of such issue which was known as Person-centered therapy (PCT). It was also defined as a psychotherapy which was particularly focused on individuals, the counseling which was also centered on individuals, customer-focused treatment and psychotherapy of the Rogerian. This therapy was regarded as a form of psychiatric therapy which was initiated by a psychologist in the 19th century whose name was Carl Rogers. The goal of this therapy which could be used at the time of occurring of an event was to grant all of the customers with a chance to apprehend how their feelings and actions were being exaggerated. Although such a type of method has been disapproved of by a number of behaviorists for the purpose of deficient arrangement and by therapists for in point of fact granting a provisional association, it has confirmed to be an effectual and accepted treatment. Another therapy which could be used as a cure for individuals at the time of such events which has attained extensive submissions in the behavior of material abuse could be stated as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The beginning of such type of therapies were dealt in behavioral theory, by putting focus on both traditional training and operant erudition; cognitive community education theory, from where such ideas were taken relating to the observational knowledge. The power of modeling and the function of cognitive expectancies were also included in shaping the actions; and cognitive theory and treatment, which centers on the belief, attitude, approach, and acknowledgments that manipulates the feelings of an individual and arbitrate the affiliation which could be made among the background and actions (Kohli, 2016). So, the Behavioral approaches presuppose that such matters mistreatment disorders which were urbanized and preserved by way of the widespread main beliefs of education and corroboration. It could also be stated that if consistently anxiety makes an individual feels like vulnerable, disheartened, and completely worn out, then such individual may be said to be suffering from a issue of burnout(Roberts Ottens, 2010). Such a suffering may be there where people face any incident or a situation of crisis which makes them to be a state of shock and nervousness. Therefore, it could be stated that if an individual was burned out, then the problems could be seem to be insuperable, all the things looks miserable, and it would be complicated to congregate up the force to be concerned and let alone carry out something about that circumstance (George, 2016). The sadness and lack of involvement which could be resulted as a result of the burnout causes could intimidate the job of an individual, his relations, and his physical condition. But burnout could be conquered as there have been a number of things which could be done by an individual in order to recover ones balance and begin to feel optimistic and confident again (Encyclopedia of Mental Disorder, 2016). Burnout has been regarded as a state of expressive, psychological, and corporeal tiredness which could be caused by extreme and extended pressure. It takes place when an individual feels inundated, expressively worn out, and incapable to congregate the consistent demands of an individual (Puleo McGlothlin, 2016). Also it has been stated and observed that as the nervous tension takes place and occur consistently, an individual begin to lose the curiosity or inspiration that led him to take on a particular part in the first place (Rady et al.,2009). Efficiency of an individual could be decreased by way of the event of Burnout as it also undermine the energy of an individual, leaving his feeling progressively more powerless, impossible, pessimistic, and bitter. Ultimately, an individual may feel like the other person has nothing more to provide him with (National Center for Biotechnology Information, 2016). Similarly, as the world in which people live is dynamic and flexible in nature which changes as per the requirements and needs of an individual so speedily all the families were observed into disorder over redundancy, homelessness, sickness, separation, and matter/alcohol which abuses an individual (Stevens Ellerbrock, 2016). So, people could be reminded of the fact that before all of these manmade adversities which became possible. But on the other hand, there have been some of natural disasters ecological pressures and inherited services that cause many purposes for crises which took place in life of all the individuals. Several kinds of data and practices have been adopted in order to build flexibility as these kinds of data and information supports for these times should be a compulsory for all (Benveniste, 2016). The dispute for crisis intervention programs therefore, could be stated as a tool which helps individuals and their work in order to grant effectual crisis sustenance and aid as soon as possible by following persecution, and to make available some of the resources and services which would help in meeting the desires of sufferers by providing direct aid or recommendations to other agencies (Patient, 2016). Therefore, it could be concluded that the Hybrid Model of Crisis Management was used in order to incarcerate an enhanced picture of the desires of an individual of poignant supports during momentous suffering which would assist in reducing the probable moments in the life of an individual from becoming a more distressing life incident. It could also be anticipated that the conclusions of the circumstances of a crisis which has occurred become more tragic yet people were assisted by the authorities, whom the people agreed to services, and the family of such sufferers attained assistance and possessions by way of this crisis intervention model. So, at the end it could be stated that the Crisis intervention and the Hybrid Model of Crisis Management could be regarded as a significant constituent of the remedial procedure for all the sufferers. Crisis intervention and the hybrid model were as a result should not be allocated to one detailed organization or association, but should be utilized as a significant constituent of each agency or association that deals with wounded individuals of crime. This comprises of the victim encouragement associations, personal organizations or associations (such as hospitals or schools), community service associations, law enforcement, and improvements. Many law enforcement associations have urbanized crisis intervention teams which were headed by a number of workers such as by specialized community employees to act in response to the circumstances of crisis which they face as a result of emergency calls. To be effectual, crisis intervention and the model must be granted in a methodical, prepar ed, humanistic way and must focus on the independence of the sufferers and his or her desires. References Benveniste, D. (2016). Crisis Intervention After Major Disasters. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: Encyclopedia of Mental Disorder. (2016). Crisis intervention. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: George, A.L.(2016). The Impact of Crisis-Induced Stress on Decision Making. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: Grace College. (2016). Responding to Trauma: Crisis Intervention Models. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: Kohli, R. (2016). Crisis Intervention: Understanding The Nature Of Crisis. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: National Center for Biotechnology Information. (2016). The Challenges to Post-Eradication Outbreaks. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: Patient. (2016). Crisis Intervention. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: Psychology. (2016). Crisis Counseling. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: Puleo, S., McGlothlin, J. (2016). Overview of Crisis Intervention. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: Putzel, J., John, J.D. (2012). Meeting The Challenges Of Crisis States Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: Rady, A., Elsheshai, A., Abou El Wafa, H., Elkholy, O. (2009). Psychological Interventions in Crisis settings. The Internet Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 1, no.1. Roberts, A. R., Ottens, A.J. (2010). The Seven-Stage Crisis Intervention Model: A Road Map to Goal Attainment, Problem Solving, and Crisis Resolution. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention, vol. 5, no. 4; pp.329-339. Roberts, A.R. (2016). Assessment, Crisis Intervention, and Trauma Treatment: The Integrative Act Intervention Model. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: Stevens, B. A., Ellerbrock, L. S. (2016). Crisis Intervention: An Opportunity To Change. ERIC Digest. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: Tuen, T.H. (2016). Effects of the Economic Crisis on the Placement of People with Disabilities in Singapore. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from: UN Women. (2012). Crisis intervention model. Retrieved on 24th December 2016 from:

Monday, March 23, 2020

Aristotle and Plato Life after Death

Introduction Since the emergence of religion and the study of philosophy, the fate of the human soul after death has been an issue that has attracted much attention. Most philosophers have differed over the issue and put forward theories and explanations to validate their stands. On the other hand, religion has maintained that the soul is immortal and survives the death of the body. Two of the greatest philosophers of early time, Plato and Aristotle, held contradicting views and explanations as to the fate of the soul.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on Aristotle and Plato: Life after Death – Compare and Contrast specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Plato argued that the soul is immortal and therefore survives the death of the body. In contrast, Plato argued that the soul cannot exist without the body and it therefore perishes together with the body at death. Both philosophers put forward arguments to support the ir stand on the matter. However, there is no definite agreement as to the issue and remains a matter of faith for religions and speculation for free thinkers. Discussion Plato based his stand on several arguments. First, he taught that good people receive rewards both in this earthly life and in the afterlife. He argued that goodness was not a means to an end but an end in itself. This was one of the basics of his teaching of the immortality of the soul. He believed that the association between the soul and the body served to deform its pure state. Despite the deformation, the soul retained a certain portion of its real nature with its expression in the longing for wisdom. This argument supports his teaching that the destruction of an object results only from its own evil. As such, the soul can only meet destruction through its own inner evils. Plato maintained that immortality is the only affliction of the soul that can only harm it even though no evidence exists to explain the eff ect of death on the soul Secondly, Plato used reincarnation to advance his stand further. At the time, the Greeks held a belief that everything that was in existence was in a recurring cycle that was eternal. As such, Plato believed that death and life were complementary and one came after the other. He gave the example of sleep. After sleep a person wakes up and after waking up, sleep follows. The same was with death and life: they were cyclic and therefore one came after the other. As such, the soul cannot die because there is life after death. Thirdly, he argued that the soul existed before the body. He supported this statement by observing that humans possess a special kind of knowledge in the ability to draw comparisons. This is evidence of a pre-existent soul. He however claims that this knowledge is lost at birth and retraced with the special help of an instructor. Aristotle used scientific approach by combining biology and metaphysics concepts to explain the idea of the immo rtality of the soul. Aristotle taught that the unity of the soul and the body was crucial and therefore, the soul cannot exist alone without the body. He argued that the soul’s main purpose is development and that this is only possible in association with the body.Advertising Looking for essay on philosophy? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More As such, the sole purpose of the soul is dependent on the body and if the body dies, then the soul succumbs to the death too because it cannot exist alone. Aristotle further held the belief that the soul was responsible for the existence of the body as the source of locomotion and other changes. Based on this claim, he stated that the soul could not survive death since it was the source of locomotion for the body. The view that substances possess specific body forms enhanced Aristotle’s claim. He claimed that an inward soul that these substances possessed maintained them in exi stence. He viewed the soul as a collection of reason moved by a need for significance. As such, different life forces that served different purposes made up the soul. Upon death of the body, these forces returned to their source leading to the disintegration of the soul. In addition, he believed that the body came into existence before the soul. This implies that the ability to reason developed before the ability to feel. As such, the body must have initiated the development of the soul hence its immortality. Aristotle’s arguments are more plausible compared Plato’s. Plato’s arguments are highly metaphysical and complex to comprehend. Plato’s arguments are simple, logical and easily conceivable by the mind. The inclusion of scientific and metaphysical knowledge makes his arguments all-inclusive and easy to conceive and understand. Conclusion The fate of the human soul after death has been an issue of much attention. Most philosophers have differed over th e issue and put forward theories and explanations to validate their stands. On the other hand, religion has maintained that the soul is immortal and survives the death of the body. Plato and Aristotle had their contribution on the issue and it is still today a matter of either faith or speculation. Precisely, Aristotle’s arguments are more plausible than those of Plato are. This essay on Aristotle and Plato: Life after Death – Compare and Contrast was written and submitted by user Melina A. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. 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Friday, March 6, 2020

Character Similarities Between Medea and Lysestrata essays

Character Similarities Between Medea and Lysestrata essays Though different playwrights wrote Trifles, Medea, and Lysistrata they contain many of the same scenarios and characterizations. Both plays have protagonists that are strong-minded women who feel they have been duped by the men in their lives and they seek to return things to their normal daily lives. The women outwit the men and take the law in their own hands. Lysistrata believes the war is being mishandled and prolonged because of the stubbornness of the men. Medea, on the other hand believes she has been unlawfully cast aside by Jason and seeks her revenge. And in Trifles Mrs. Wright is isolated by her husband to spend her life in a small house with none of her pleasures of her youth. I believe that the reactions from the women are all due to their place in society. In Greek society women had no power and thus were held as second-class citizens who must obey their husbands. Women in the early twentieth century had very little power and for the most part were ruled by their husbands. In each play the women revolt against those in charge in order to obtain recognition of what rights to which they are entitled. All three women mean well. Medea doesnt want Jason to marry the princess for the sheer reason that while he is married to her he will continue a relationship with Medea as well. Medea clearly sees that the relationship with Jason and the princess will prove to be the kind of relationships based on what Jason wants and the princess will be just another person that Jason would be using. Despite the trials and tribulations that the men in Lysistrata endure they are punished and tortured to end a war. Lysistrata wants to stop the massive murders that occur on the battlefields and with good reason. She could have gone about things a different way, but the play was written as a farce and what Aristophanes did was appropriate. Mrs. Hale and Mrs. Peters too recognize the ...

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Can we apply Hobbes argument about the state of nature to Essay

Can we apply Hobbes argument about the state of nature to international relations - Essay Example In this regard, the state of nature considers men to be in a competition with each other for resources that include food, for example. As a result, they tend to distrust and fear one another thus instigating a pre-emptive attack due to the quest to maximise their own interests at the expense of other people. On the other hand, difference, emanates from the desire for natural equality and the fear factor that eventually leads to war. On this note, the state of nature suggests that, the alternative option for removing the contributory factors to conflict is to embrace the state by surrendering sovereignty to the Leviathan in order to enjoy security and order. According to Hobbes, the international sphere exists in a form of the state of nature (1985, p.37). This paper explores whether Hobbes argument about the state of nature can apply to international relations. While international relations emphasises a peaceful co-existence between sovereign states, the Hobbesian view focuses on the defensive character of states. This makes it difficult to apply the Hobbesian argument in international relations because; it discards the moral principles that guide the relations among states. Hobbes advances five conditions for the state of nature that includes equality, competition, and the existence of two types of people, non- universal egoism and uncertainty. With regard to equality, Hobbesian view reiterates that people possess almost equal mental and physical capabilities. As a result, those regarded as weak also have enough power either mental or physical to destroy the strongest. The competition caused by scarcity of resources also creates a situation where everyone grapples for the same unlimited resources. The Hobbesian view further associates the scarce resource with power since not everyone can amass power. In this sense, power is often a preserve for a few individuals in the society who tend to maximise it for their own self-interest (Hampton, 1987,